Contact Lenses | A Complete Guide To Using Them

When learning to ride a bike or drive a car, it takes time and practises to master the skills. Wearing and caring for contact lenses is the same. Yes, adapting to all of the regulations that come with contact lenses may be difficult. I'm not sure how I'm going to get these items in there. Is it true that I can't swim with my contacts in? What does it mean that I shouldn't rinse my contacts with tap water?

However, once you've learned the guidelines, it'll be clear why millions of people all over the world have abandoned their glasses in favour of contacts. To gain a better understanding of what's in store for you, read this beginner's guide to contact lenses. This advice is applicable to both soft and hard assets.

Leonardo da Vinci initially proposed the notion of contact lenses in 1508 when he said that you might adjust the power of your cornea by immersing your head in water or putting a water-filled glass membrane — a contact lens — over your eye. Contact lenses, on the other hand, were not created until three centuries later. Glass contact lenses were invented by German glassblower F.A. Muller in 1887, and a year later, Swiss physician Adolf E. Fick and Paris optician Edouard Kalt produced and fitted them as well.

If you have vision difficulties and are wary of wearing glasses, contact lenses may be a good option for you. However, you may have many questions concerning contact lenses.


  • Before handling contacts, wash your hands well with soap and water and dry them with a clean towel.
  • To insert and remove contacts, always use the tip of your index finger. Never use your nails to clean your lenses – this is the number one cause of lens damage!
  • Use the cleaning solution that your doctor has advised.
  • It is possible to have an allergic response to a contact lens brand or cleaning solution. If you're in any discomfort or agony, make an appointment with your doctor right away.
  • Regularly clean your contact case and replace the solution. Every three months, you should change your case.
  • If your eyes are dry, moisten them with saline solution or the appropriate lubricant eye drops.
  • Use the cleaning solution that your doctor has advised.
  • Check the suggested wearing time for your lenses.


  • Reuse the solution and replace it on a daily basis.
  • If your lens is damaged or broken, put it on. It has the potential to scrape your cornea or create other sorts of eye injuries. Toss it out!
  • Wearing someone else's contacts is never a good idea, especially if they've already been worn. You'll be yearning for something to infect you.
  • Contact lenses should not be worn excessively. It raises the risk of viral or fungal keratitis, conjunctivitis, and corneal ulcers in the eyes.
  • Unless your doctor has given you permission, sleep in your contacts. Regardless of what the packaging says, it's always safer to take them out at night.
  • Contact lenses should be rinsed or stored in water.
  • Wet your lenses by putting them in your mouth (amazing we had to mention this one!).

 When should contact lenses be used (or not worn)?

Wearing transparent contact lenses has the advantage of being virtually invisible to others. When you find the proper pair, you may even forget you're wearing them. Even if they're completely at ease, there are a few things physicians advise against doing to avoid infections, discomfort, and injury.


As you may be aware, contact lenses should not come into contact with water. Tap water, water from showers, hot tubs, swimming pools, lakes, and seas all fall under this category. Infections, discomfort, and possibly sight-threatening disorders may occur if contacts are worn in the water. It also raises the likelihood of your contact lenses falling out of your eye and becoming lost in a vast body of water!

Wearing makeup

The first guideline is to put your contacts in before you begin applying your makeup, and then remove them before you remove it. This way, you won't get it on your lenses, causing irritation and perhaps an infection. Waterproof makeup is not suggested since it is difficult to remove without using lens cleaners that are harsh. The use of eyeliner over the lower lash line, eyelash thickeners, and false eyelashes are also not recommended. To avoid getting eye shadow in your eyes, use cream eye shadow instead of powder.

Hand hygiene

Before handling contacts, ALWAYS wash and dry your hands. After putting in your lenses, use creams and lotions, perfume, hair gel, makeup remover, perfumed deodorant, scented oils, or cold cream soaps. Try to use sprays or aerosols (such as deodorants, hair spray, or spray cologne) before inserting your lenses, and then wait a few moments because there may still be spray flying around. After applying these items, you can put your contacts in, but keep your eyes securely shut until the hairspray has settled.

Other suggestions

  • Always have a storage box, a tiny bottle of saline, and eye drops on hand.
  • If you need to remove your contacts due to discomfort, pain, or dryness, have a pair of glasses with you. Or if you decide to go for a swim or go on an overnight excursion.
  • Even though your contacts come with UV protection, contact lenses can cause sensitivity to sunshine, so obtain a pair of sunglasses to protect your eyes from UV rays.
  • Never touch the cleaning solution bottle's tip or allow it to come into contact with any surface.
  • When not in use, keep your solution container securely closed.
  • Colored lenses (Halloween, anyone?) are generally safe, but you should always obtain them from an eye specialist to avoid infection or eye injury.
  • Remove your contacts and wait until your doctor says it's alright to wear them again if you experience an uncommon symptom.
  • When it comes to contact lenses, always follow your doctor's instructions!

Aside from these pointers, the most crucial thing to remember is to check for your suggested wear duration, which varies depending on the type of contact lenses you've been prescribed. The majority of individuals wear soft contact lenses, which fall into one of three categories:

Daily disposable contacts: When it comes to infection risk, these disposable contacts are the safest and healthiest option. Because they are only used once, there is little possibility of hazardous germs accumulating on the lens surface. Never sleep with these contacts in your eyes, and don't wear them for more than a day at a time.

Daily use: To be disinfected, these lenses must be removed every night. Cleaning is necessary because they are more prone to develop infections such as keratitis, which is an inflammation of the cornea. Their lifespan varies by lens type, but it normally ranges from a month to three months to more than a year of use (since they were first opened). Never sleep with these contacts in, and don't wear them for longer than they're supposed to last.

Extended wear: These are the only lenses that you are officially permitted to wear for several days without taking them off. Despite this, specialists advise that you take them off and clean them every night to avoid the chance of infection.


People sometimes wonder if contact lenses are better than spectacles. Many individuals prefer contact lenses to glasses since they don't have to deal with the dreaded "spectacles appearance." Contact lenses may be a lifesaver for those of us who suffer from vision difficulties, as long as we maintain basic cleanliness and replace them on a regular basis. Contact lenses also provide a larger field of view and better focus than glasses, providing you a wider field of view and greater focus. They are also unaffected by the weather; they do not fog up in humid conditions, for example. They are more expensive than glasses in the long run, but they are less expensive than LASIK surgery and are the best alternative for individuals who do not want the operation but also do not want to wear glasses.